To the Top

11r4 -- R&D expenditure by source of funding and sector, 1971-2019

Choose variables

Mark your selections and choose between table on screen and file format. Marking tips
Mandatory

Selected 0 of total 1

Mandatory
Field for searching for a specific value in the list box. This is examples of values you can search for.1971 , 1972 , 1973 ,

Selected 0 of total 49

Field for searching for a specific value in the list box. This is examples of values you can search for.Total , ENTERPRISE SECTOR, TOTAL , Manufacturing ,

Selected 0 of total 13

Optional variable
Field for searching for a specific value in the list box. This is examples of values you can search for.Total , Domestic business enterprise sector funding , Public sector funding (incl. budget funding and public sector units internal funds), total ,

Selected 0 of total 7

Optional variable
Number of selected data cells are:
(maximum number allowed is 1,000,000)

Presentation on screen is limited to 1,000 rows and 300 columns

Number of selected cells exceeds the maximum allowed 1,000,000
Description of statistic
Concepts and definitions
Changes in these statistics
. missing Standard Industrial Classification TOL 2008 in use from 2008 onwards (Statistics Finland's Handbooks, 4).
Source of funding: the group's foreign units were specified again starting from 2005,
in 1999 to 2004 the item was included under domestic enterprises as own funding. The change increases the share of foreign funding.
The data of the university sector for 1973 and 1977 are estimates.
he data for the public + PNP sector, the university sector and the combined data of all sectors for 1985 are estimates.
The university sector includes university central hospitals from 1997 and polytechnics from 1999 onwards.
The public sector includes municipalities from 2007 onwards.
The statistical method of the university sector was renewed in 2011. Universities' time use coefficients have been updated for years 2014 and 2017.
Business Finland/Tekes loans to non-financial corporations are included in the funding of central government administrative branches. Other public loans to non-financial corporations are included in other public sector funding. In the international comparison these are included in the funding of the domestic non-financial corporations sector.