009 -- Vital statistics and population in 1749 to 2018
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Contact and information

Information

Latest update
6/18/2019
Contact
Statistics Finland
Contact
Statistics homepage
Unit
Number
Next update
6/5/2020
Creation date
5/30/2005
Source
Statistics Finland
Matrix
kuol_009_201800
Footnotes

Footnotes

Concepts and definitions
Description
Quality description
Starting from 1750 Population statistics have been digitised into PDF format in the National Library's Doria service:
Publications on Population structure and Vital statistics in Doria (in Finnish)
Publications on Population censuses in Doria (in Finnish)
Year
1789
War years 1789 to 1791
1808
War of Finland 1808 to 1809
1833
Cholera year
1836
Cholera year
1866
Great Famine 1866 to 1868
1891
The figures for the years 1891 to 1939 are based on the number of population
resident in the country as corrected in 1949.
1918
Civil war
1939
The figures for the years 1891 to 1939 are based on the number of population
resident in the country as corrected in 1949.
1940
World War II
Inter-municipal migration 1940 to 1944: Production of statistics
deficient due to the war conditions
1969
1969 to 1970 Migration to Sweden
Information
Live births
Liveborn is the term for a newborn who breaths or shows other signs of life
after birth. Only liveborn children of women living permanently in Finland
are taken into account in the population statistics.
Deaths
Deaths have to be reported immediately either to a physician or to the
police. The health care unit or the physician has to report the death to
the Population Information System or its maintainer. Statistics on deaths
are based on data derived from the Population Register Centre's Population
Information System maintained by local register offices. People who lived
permanently in Finland at the time of their death are entered in the
statistics on deaths in Finland. Death certificates are used at Statistics
Finland for compiling the cause of death statistics, which are published
as a separate series.
Natural increase
Natural increase is the difference of the number of livebirths and deaths.
Intermunicipal migration
delivered to the register office of the new place of residence. The move
is indicated as either a permanent or a temporary one, and once the
register office receives the notice, the register office determines
whether the nature of the move involves a permanent or temporary change
of domicile. Since 1 June 1994, when the Act on the Municipality of
Domicile (201/1994) came into effect, students moving due to their
studies have had the right to register themselves as permanent residents
in the municipality in which they study. Data on the change of dwelling
and place of domicile are transferred in machine-language format to the
Population Information System. The register office of the new place of
residence sends the data on the new place of domicile to the register
office of the former place of residence. (Population Data Act 507/1993
and amendment 202/1994; Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994;
Decree on the Municipality of Domicile 351/1994).
Intermunicipal migration
Migration between municipalities according to the regional division of the statistical
reference year.
Immigration to Finland
A Finnish citizen having entered the country must notify the register
office if his/her intended stay in the country exceeds three months. The
register office will update his/her data in the Population Information
System (Act 661/2009). A foreign citizen may enter Finland provided he/she
holds a required valid visa, residence permit or residence permit for an
employed or self-employed person, unless he/she is an EU or EEA citizen or
unless otherwise provided by an international agreement binding Finland
(Aliens Act 301/2004). An EU or EEA citizen may stay in the country
without a separate permit for three months, after which his/her stay in
the country requires justifications and registration with the register
office. The register office enters the reported information about the
domicile of a foreign citizen into the Population Information System if
the person receives a municipality of domicile and a permanent place of
residence in it in Finland as defined in the Act on the Municipality of
Domicile (201/1994). The length of employment or studying from entry into
the country or the length of employment contract must be two years for a
foreign citizen to receive the right to a place of domicile.
Emigration from Finland
Persons emigrating from the country must submit a notice of change of address in the same way as persons who migrate within the country (Acts
661/2009, 201/1994). Persons who move to live abroad for more than one year are primarily regarded as emigrants. An exception to this are
Finnish diplomats and persons working in development co-operation, etc. (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994). In accordance with an
agreement between the Nordic countries, a period of residence of less than six months is not regarded as a move (Act on the Municipality of
Domicile 201/1994, Decree and Treaty 96/2006). When a person moves from one Nordic country to another, he/she must report his/her move to the
local register authority of the country of entry, which will decide whether or not the person is registered as resident in the country of entry.
The register authority of the country of entry informs the person concerned and the register authority of the country of exit about its
decision. The date when the person has been entered into the local population register of the country of entry is recorded as the date of
emigration in the population register of the country of exit (Act on the Municipality of Domicile 201/1994, Decree and International Treaty
96/2006).
Net migration
Net migration between immigration and emigration in 1945 to 1970:
1940 population, corrected population for the years 1941 to 1949,
1951 to 1951 and 1961 to 1969. Annual population increase is derived
from these. Calculated net migration is the difference of population
increase and natural increase.
Net migration
Net migration is the difference of immigration and emigration.
Marriages
In 1749 to 1989: Marriages contracted by females permanently resident in Finland.
Starting from 1990: Marriages where at least one of the spouses has resided permanently
in Finland on the day the marriage was contracted.
Includes also marriages of same-sex couples starting from 2017.
Divorces
In 1878 to 1989: Divorces refer to the divorces of females permanently resident in Finland.
Starting from 1990: Divorces where at least one of the spouses has resided permanently
in Finland on the day the divorce was granted.
Includes also divorces of same-sex couples starting from 2017.
Total change
Population growth is calculated as the difference of population numbers,
so it includes natural increase, migration and population correction.
Years 1940-1949 Replaced rounded figures with exact figures.
Population
The population refers to the permanent resident population of the
country. The resident population of Finland on 31 December is derived
from the Population Information System maintained by the Population
Register Centre. Those persons who according to the Population
Information System had a legal domicile in Finland on 31 December belong
to the permanent resident population in the country regardless of their
nationality, as do Finnish nationals residing temporarily abroad.
Years 1940-1949 Replaced rounded figures with exact figures.